The Minimalist iPhone Shoot Kit: Your phone, your brain.
This article shows you the simple tricks to get the most out of shooting with just your iPhone, no accessories required.
Many famous photographers (Henri Cartier Bresson and Steve McCurry among them) shot with a 35mm camera body and a 50mm prime lens most of their careers. These masters knew their camera and lens well enough to take spectacular, out-of-the-ordinary photos with the most ordinary lens. They had no kit to slow them down: just a camera with one lens and a pocketful of film. Today the Tele lens on dual-lens iPhones allows us this same view that the great masters of 35mm photography shot with.
Lose some weight.
There are many extras you can use for your iPhone’s back cameras, like lenses, filters, tripod brackets, lights, remote shutters, etc. But do we really need more toys to weigh us down when the cameras in the iPhone were built to be so capable? The toys were designed to get your iPhone camera to behave more like a DLSR. The problem is: Just like a DSLR, you need to carry a bag for all those toys.
Free your mind, dude.
If carrying the added weight of a shoot kit for your iPhone, you also weigh down your mind with decisions on what toys to use and when. Carrying even one item, like a lens attachment, adds the decision of whether you should use it or not. The extra thought can slow down the creative process. Many of the world’s best street shooters just use a wide-angle lens so they can work fast. Since every iPhone available today has a Wide camera, you’ve got that base covered too.
There are many techniques that professional photographers have improvised over the years to work at slower and faster shutter speeds, improve on lighting and emphasize perspective without resorting to changing lenses, carrying a tripod or lugging around any extra toys. These techniques require no camera bag, just your brain. A lot of know-how has no physical weight.
Make use of your built-in lenses.
The iPhone 11 Pro and iPad Pro have a triple camera system that includes a Wide, Tele and now Ultra Wide camera. If you work heavily with all three cameras, you’ll learn the strengths and weaknesses. The lens lengths weren’t chosen at random: They’re the most useful perspectives in photography. The iPhone’s Tele camera is great for capturing flattering photos people, while the Wide is practical for capturing their environment, with or without them in it. The Ultra Wide camera gives a view similar to a GoPro, letting you to leave the action cam at home.
When using Portrait mode on the iPhone Pro models, images from the Wide and Tele cameras are combined to create a sharp subject against a blurred background. It gives you the impression a longer telephoto was used. (The iPhone XR, iPhone 11 and second-gen iPhone SE have a Portrait mode now too, but with a single lens, the trick isn’t as nice.)
The Wide camera has become the standard phone lens view and probably 90% of photos use this lens. It’s really useful for most shooting scenarios with the ability to get in close to the subject and work in low light. It’s also the best quality of the three cameras. Though the iPhone doesn’t have true macro ability, you can focus on an object as close as four inches with the Wide camera and zoom in to about 1.6 or 1.7 by pinching out on the screen. This effectively puts you closer, but there will be no noticeable loss in image quality.
The Ultra Wide camera captures a massive amount of the world. Take care though: It exaggerates perspective at the edges, so you’ll want to keep people near the center.
Bracing without a tripod.
When shooting a long exposure or in low light, you’ll likely want to hold your camera as still as possible to avoid camera shake. Pro photographers commonly adopt sniper techniques for steadiness:
- Brace your camera, body or elbows against the ground, a wall, a fence post, whatever is handy.
- If you can’t brace, dig your elbows into your side to help stabilize.
- Exhale slowly and squeeze the shutter to minimize movement or set the timer.
Shoot slower or faster to capture what the eye doesn’t see.
Your iPhone is designed to shoot with a shutter speed fast enough to avoid camera shake and to freeze most subjects. But sometimes you want to artistically capture the blur of subject or camera movement or shoot with a faster shutter speed to freeze motion.
To freeze, use the Burst mode to take multiple shots. The phone assumes you’re trying to freeze action and shoots at a slightly faster shutter speed. On older iPhones, you hold the shutter button for burst mode. On the current models, hold the shutter button and drag it down in landscape mode or drag it left in portrait mode.
To intentionally blur your images, shoot in Live mode > Drag up on the photo > Choose Long Exposure. This combines multiple images into a three-second exposure. (Note that the exposure actually starts 1.5 seconds before you press the shutter in Live mode.)
If you want more control over creative blur, try Bluristic, Moment or AvgCamPro These all can mimic a slow shutter by combining images. Bluristic does an great job of focusing on a point in the image and blurring everything else. Moment combines multiple images to give the effect of blur. AvgCamPro allows you to set the precisely control a series of images that get combined into one. You’ll find this article on creatively blurring your images useful.
You get the kindest natural light when you shoot your subject out of direct sunlight or on an overcast day. Here are a few more tips for more flattering lighting:
- Turn on Smart HDR in Settings > Camera. This does a surprisingly good job of minimizing the difference in light and shadow to balance the exposure.
- Use Portrait Mode. In addition to blurring the background for a nice bokeh, portrait mode can also does some skin smoothing, lessens contrast and warms the tone. It’s not just for people, but any subject within 2-8 feet. You can adjust the effect to add studio or contour lighting to your image.
- Use fill flash. Flash icon > On. Fill flash has it’s pluses and minuses, but it’s often the thing to use in really dim light or when the subject has the light coming from behind them. Fill Flash works in Portrait Mode too.
- Move the subject out of the direct sun. Direct sunlight is the least flattering light. Not only is it harsh looking, it causes people to squint, make awkward faces and can make them tense up.
- Block the sun with your body. This is a useful technique for softer light on flowers.
Tip: When your human subject is in open shade, their face is likely to pick up a blue cast from the sky. If so, warm the cast a bit. In the Photos app: Edit > Adjust > Color > Cast > Drag left.
As you can see you can get along pretty well without the attachable toys.
I have a maximalist shoot kit for my iPhone that consists of four lenses, a mounting bracket, a monopod or tripod, lights etc. While it only weighs a few pounds and extends the capabilities of my iPhone into DSLR territory, it usually sits at home now. These toys came in really handy in iPhone’s earlier days when it had one back lens, more primitive stabilization and couldn’t shoot RAW. But as iPhone photography capabilities have improved, there’s less and less need to be bogged down by extras.
Since my Minimalist Shoot Kit consists of just my wits, I usually always have it with me and rely on what it can do more and more. If you do need a Maximalist Shoot Kit, I also have an article on the great photo toys available for your iPhone.
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